How can social protection systems be leveraged for anticipatory action? – World


The humanitarian sector is increasingly striving to make social protection systems more adaptive so that they can expand or expand in the face of a hazard. For example, before an extreme weather event, social protection systems should be able to provide cash or in-kind support to enable people to prepare. Despite efforts to improve these systems, we have little data on the links between social protection systems and anticipatory action, especially in specific national contexts. To this end, we need to review existing social protection systems in hazard-prone countries to gather lessons learned and recommendations on how best to use social protection systems to inform or implement disaster recovery actions. anticipation.

This literature review is divided into four parts. The first is an overview of social protection systems and their main functions, including new types of systems that seek to cope with climate-related shocks and other hazards. The second and third sections provide national overviews of social protection systems and still nascent efforts to link them to existing anticipatory action in Mozambique and Namibia. Each country snapshot explores both what is known and what remains to be researched. The fourth section discusses key takeaways and recommendations for humanitarian, government and other actors interested in learning from social protection systems to inform anticipatory action now and in the future.

This review was undertaken to inform the work of the Academic Alliance on Anticipatory Action (4As), a consortium of universities around the world seeking to inform and improve anticipatory action. The 4As consortium is funded by USAID and led by Tufts University in partnership with Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology, Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique. Makerere University in Uganda, the National University of Lesotho, the University of Namibia and the University of the Philippines.

Joel C. Hicks