IDS Working Paper 560 – Comprehensive Social Protection Programming: What is the potential for improving sanitation outcomes? – World

Millions of people around the world lack access to adequate sanitation facilities, undermining progress towards Sustainable Development Goal 6.2 which calls for adequate and equitable sanitation for all.

Efforts to improve sanitation outcomes have accelerated rapidly over the past decade, alongside the expansion of different financial incentives or subsidies to promote access to services and motivate sanitation behaviors . At the same time, social protection has become an integral part of development policy, with many low- and middle-income countries now offering some form of cash transfer to the most vulnerable people. Comprehensive interventions that combine cash transfers with complementary support such as behavior change communication, training or coaching have also become increasingly popular.

Despite the similarities between water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) subsidy programs and social protection interventions, these policy areas have largely developed in silos and limited cross-sectoral learning has taken place. This paper begins to fill this knowledge gap by assessing the potential of comprehensive social protection to address sanitation outcomes and drawing out the policy implications for social protection and WASH communities. It does this by focusing on a social protection program in the context of extreme poverty in rural areas of Haiti.

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Joel C. Hicks