Social Protection and the World Food Program in the Philippines – Scoping Study (April 2022) – Philippines

This report consolidates the findings of the scoping study and provides a set of recommendations to define and improve WFP’s role, engagement and strategic partnerships in support of national social protection.

I. Introduction, objective and methodology

For decades, the Republic of the Philippines (Philippines) has grappled with two persistent policy challenges: malnutrition among children under 5 and pregnant women in the poorest income quintiles, and climatic shocks and conflict. recurrent, which pose a serious risk to socio-economic development. gains that have been made. In line with global trends, social protection has expanded substantially in the Philippines over the past decade and has made a significant contribution to social development and poverty reduction in the country.

As envisioned in the WFP Strategic Plan 2017-20211, WFP has increased its focus on building the capacity of government agencies globally and focused on strengthening its role as a catalyst for solutions food security and nutrition. Similarly, WFP in the Philippines has gradually shifted its focus from direct implementation to building the capacity of the Government of the Philippines (GOP). Indeed, the WFP Country Strategic Plan (CSP, 2018-2023) for the Philippines focuses on informing national policies, facilitating knowledge transfer and providing technical support to the GOP, also in of social protection. Since 2018, WFP has supported the delivery of social protection through a range of technical assistance, advisory services and digital solutions. In 2020, WFP also played a key role in supporting the emergency social protection response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

In line with the recent WFP Strategy for Support to Social Protection (WFP Social Protection Strategy – WFP, 2021), WFP in the Philippines considers strengthening national social protection systems as an important way to improve security food, tackling the root causes of malnutrition. , and help people cope with risks and shocks. WFP in the Philippines requested the assistance of the WFP Regional Office in Bangkok to conduct this scoping study to better understand the main national and international social protection actors, their policies, plans and initiatives, with a view to improving the role MAP strategy, niche and initiatives. added value in this space, as well as to better understand the key challenges and opportunities for supporting social protection in the Philippines.

This report consolidates the findings of the scoping study and provides a set of recommendations to define and improve WFP’s role, engagement and strategic partnerships in support of national social protection. The report is structured as follows: Section II) describes the country context highlighting the challenges of persistent malnutrition and recurrent risks and shocks; Section III) describes the architecture of the social protection system – in particular the main national policies, legislation, priorities and trends; Section IV) provides an overview of the main national social protection actors and programmes; Section V) examines the main challenges and opportunities for advancing Zero Hunger and shock response through social protection in the country; section VI) presents the main initiatives of international actors in favor of the social protection system in the Philippines; Section VII) ends with a series of recommendations.

Joel C. Hicks